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Group Farming- means to end Poverty and Hunger inVillages

K.R. Sreeni1



Amrita Sadivaiyal Vyavasayam Kulu, a group comprising of twenty farmers,
belonging to the tribal community of Irulas, initiated organic farming at
Sadivaiyal, a tribal hamlet in the suburbs of Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
This paper explores the case of organic agriculture in a tribal village in
Tamil Nadu. Amrita SeRVe is an initiative launched by the Mata
Amritanadamayi Math. One of its main objectives is to motivate farmers
to make the transition to organic agriculture and hand-hold / mentor
them as they make the switch.Amrita SeRVe (Self Reliant Village project)
planned and helped the farmers from tillage, collection of seeds,
preparation of manures and pesticides, introduction of technological
innovations, modern methods in production and processing of raw
materials till the marketing of products. This experiment  tried at Sadivaiyal
united the farmers in a pristine culture of sharing, caring, protecting and
selling paddy together. This empowered them to know and bargain for
their rights. This was clearly demonstrated in their farming practices,
done without any instance of money-lending or of borrowing loans from

Keywords:  Organic Farming, Convergence Method, tribal hamlet, Bhavani rice, Tamil
                     Nadu, Sustainable development, Organic rice production, panchagavya,
                     jivamritham, mulching.


The research  investigated the farming practices of small and marginal farmers
involved in organic rice production in Sadivaiyal village, Thondamuthur Block,
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India,with the support of Amrita SeRVe. Amrita SeRVe
is an NGO which plays important roles from organizing the farmers in groups,

1 Program Manager, Amrita SeRVe, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham Amritapuri Campus, Kerala, India. Email:

Article Received on: 06-10-2018                            Accepted on: 18-04-2019

Review period start:
Saturday, 9 November, 2019
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Introduction (A brief articulation of what issues the IG will address, how this IG is aligned with the RDA mission, and how this IG would be a value-added contribution to the RDA community):


Extensive work has been, and continues to be done on data interoperability at the technical and information domains. However, a large portion of the challenges in building interoperable information infrastructures are the result of the interplay between organisations, institutions, economics, and individuals.  Collectively these form the social dynamics that foster or hinder the progress towards achieving technical and information interoperability.


These are some of the most difficult challenges to address.  Currently there is only a limited body of work on how to address these challenges in a systematic way.  In keeping with the mission of the RDA, the focus of this group is to focus on what is required to build the social bridges that enable open sharing and re-use of data.


The focus of this interest group is to identify opportunities for the development of systematic approaches to address the key social challenges and to build a corpus of knowledge on building and operating interoperable information infrastructures.


User scenario(s) or use case(s) the IG wishes to address (what triggered the desire for this IG in the first place):

Within Australia, the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) set forth the need to establish a National Environmental Prediction System (NEPS).  This requires the collaboration, coordination and (most importantly) the interoperability between a range of facilities, organisations and government entities for this system to work effectively.  A number of facilities involved have recently come to the realization that the Social dynamics between the facilities is a key factor in the success (or failure) of this initiative.


Within the United States, initiatives such as the Pacific Research Platform, the National Research Platform, and the Eastern Regional Network are a few examples of cross-institutional initiatives whose success is dependent as much on social dynamics as on overcoming technical challenges.


The problem exists at smaller scales as well.  At the institutional level, the need to drive adoption across IT, IT Security, Research units, and Libraries provides a persistent challenge.


The BoF session held at the 13th Plenary session highlighted that similar challenges exist within other research domains.


Objectives (A specific set of focus areas for discussion, including use cases that pointed to the need for the IG in the first place.   Articulate how this group is different from other current activities inside or outside of RDA.):


Currently there is no other IG within the RDA that has a specific focus on the social dynamics, (ie: the interplay between organisations, institutions, economics, and individuals) relating to interoperable information infrastructure.


The main objective of this IG is to:

  • Identify organisational, institutional, economic, and individual aspects that increase the friction to achieving information interoperability.
  • Develop a corpus of knowledge, including models, frameworks and patterns that can be applied by practitioners to develop the desired social dynamics that foster information interoperability.
  • Identify and develop case studies of solutions that demonstrate the application of the corpus of knowledge on this topic.


Loosely related to this IG are the following existing IGs within the RDA:

  • Ethics and Social Aspects of Data IG


Participation (Address which communities will be involved, what skills or knowledge should they have, and how will you engage these communities.  Also address how this group proposes to coordinate its activity with relevant related groups.):


The participation in this IG is left open and broad to anyone who has an interest in the social dynamics as it relates to building interoperable data infrastructures.  Specific skills and knowledge that would be useful for this IG include,

  • Social psychology
  • Organisational behaviour and organisational psychology
  • Economics
  • Legal frameworks
  • Digital anthropology
  • Digital ethnography


The following RDA IGs are related to this IG,

  1. Data economics
  2. Ethics and social aspects of data IG
  3. Community capability IG
  4. Ethics and Social Aspects of Data IG


This IG will keep these related IGs informed of its activity, and seek to coordinate with them on topics that overlap or have a common interest.  It is feasible that in the future we could hold joint sessions at plenary events around common topics.


Outcomes (Discuss what the IG intends to accomplish.  Include examples of WG topics or supporting IG-level outputs that might lead to WGs later on.):


There are two primary outcomes of this IG:

  1. Create a community of interest on the Social dynamics of interoperable information infrastructures;
  2. Create a corpus of knowledge on the topic.
  3. Identify and develop case studies of solutions that demonstrate the application of the corpus of knowledge on this topic.


Some initial topics that could lead to Working Groups include,

  • Problem and solution patterns in Information Infrastructure;
  • Governance  & participation models;
  • Frameworks for trust;
  • Incentives and disincentives for collaboration and participation;
  • Specific institutional partnerships known to exist, how they came to be, and their varying degrees of success


Mechanism (Describe how often your group will meet and how will you maintain momentum between Plenaries.):

     The group will aim to have at least 1 virtual meeting between sessions.  It will also establish a mechanism (possibly the mailing-list) for offline discussions.


Timeline (Describe draft milestones and goals for the first 12 months):


Research and identify organisational, institutional, economic, and individual challenges to achieving interoperability

Month 1-6

Identify case studies

Month 7-12

creation of knowledge corpus

Month 12-24

Apply knowledge corpus to case studies

Month 24+


Potential Group Members (Include proposed chairs/initial leadership and all members who have expressed interest):




































Review period start:
Tuesday, 24 September, 2019 to Thursday, 24 October, 2019
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This Charter describes the proposed activity of the Coordinating the Global Open Science Commons Interest Group.


Name of Proposed Interest Group:

Coordinating the Global Open Science Commons IG (GOSC IG)


Introduction (A brief articulation of what issues the IG will address, how this IG is aligned with the RDA mission, and how this IG would be a value-added contribution to the RDA community):


The coordination of data infrastructure on various levels (country, continent, discipline, sector) is on the increase. So called “Open Science Commons” or “Data commons” provide a shared virtual space or platform that provides a marketplace for data and services. Examples include the European Open Science Cloud, the Australian Research Data Commons, the African Open Science Platform, open government portals and initiatives outside traditional research contexts. Coordinating across these initiatives to enable a network of interoperable data commons is the goal, as well as providing greater clarity about what is meant by a Commons in the context of science or research.


The Interest Group will provide a neutral place where people have conversations about Open Science Commons. It will function in a similar vein to the funders forum – space will be given to raise topics of mutual interest, track trends and reach consensus on priorities. The Group will work to reach a shared understanding of what a “Commons” is in the research data space; what functionality, coverage and characteristics does such an initiative require and how can this be coordinated at a global level?  The IG Chairs will also proactively look outside the RDA community to connect with parallel initiatives in other spaces, whether in national / regional contexts or in other fora such as the OECD, G7 Open Science Working Group, UN’s Expert Advisory Group on a Data Revolution for Sustainable Development, CODATA, GO-FAIR and others. Recognising the broad scope, we will focus initially on Data Commons and extend to Open Science Commons as work progresses.


This Interest Group is closely aligned to the core mission of RDA as it is inherently engaged in building the social and technical bridges that enable data sharing. It will own the overall remit of coordinating the delivery of a Global Open Science Commons and monitor progress made within related RDA Working Groups and other initiatives to achieve this goal. Indeed, the scope is so large that the Interest Group is expected to run for several years and coordinate across many Working Groups, primarily those that are convened within this RDA IG forum but also aligning with existing WG/IG of relevance.


The Interest Group will help to coordinate and steer initiatives, assisting implementers to maintain focus while also providing wider context and meaning. It will encourage and facilitate global collaboration, helping to minimise data silos and adoption of standards and protocols to facilitate a cross-country and cross-discipline global open science commons. The Group will necessarily be large and diverse, representing many different stakeholder groups, sectors and countries. Chairs come from 5 different continents given the breadth of remit and need for genuine global engagement.


Proposed Chairs

NOTE: We now have chairs from every RDA region

Andrew Treloar, ARDC, Australia

Sarah Jones, DCC, Scotland

Corina Pascu, European Commission, Belgium

Vivien Bonazzi, Deloittes, USA

Kazutsuna Yamaji, NII, Japan

Omo Oaiya, WACREN, Ghana

Devika Madalli, Indian Statistics Institute, India


Interested Members

Simon Hodson, CODATA, France

Juan Bicarregui, STFC, UK

Guido Aben, AARNET, Australia

Kheeran Dharmawardena, CSIRO, Australia

Laura Palumbo, Rutgers University, USA

Keith Russell, ARDC, Australia

Minglu Wang, York University, Canada

Mark Leggott, Research Data Canada

Paul Uhlir, consultant, USA


Review period start:
Friday, 6 September, 2019 to Sunday, 6 October, 2019
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Please see also the provisional short and long descriptions of the IG in the group's Wiki.




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NB: The Case Statement attached (dated 4 January 2013) may not be the final version of the Data Type Registries WG's Case Statement.

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