Beyond Creative Commons Licenses:
What are the legal barriers to data sharing?
A short introduction describing the activities and the scope of the group:
The Legal Interoperability Interest Group has recently published “Legal Interoperability of Research Data: Principles and Implementation Guidelines,” designed to help the research community expand access to and reuse of research data.
Communication with several early adopters has shown that a key recommendation of the "Legal Interoperability of Research Data: Principles and Implementation Guidelines", conflicts with certain needs of researchers or even rules at research organizations. The Interest Group recognizes that the rights waiver CC 0 (zero) and the open license CC BY may not be suitable in all circumstances.
Based on this observation a conversation has been started with three early adopters exploring their needs for data licensing. This process may lead to suggestions on how to assert more limited reuse scenarios which are legally viable and which can be communicated in a standardized way, including between machines.
The objectives of the proposed session are to:
- present at least two use cases, representing the perspectives of two early adopters of the “Legal Interoperability of Research Data: Principles and Implementation Guidelines” where simple adoption of CC waivers or licenses are not sufficient
- collect views of the participants of the meeting on the "customized openness" of research data
Moderation: Gail P. Clement, Co-chair RDA-CODATA-IG on Legal Interoperability
- Brief summary of Principles and Implementation Guidelines document
Gail P. Clement, Co-chair RDA-CODATA-IG on Legal Interoperability; Head of Research Services, Caltech Library, USA
Barriers to implementing legal interoperability principles for data in the context of multinational, multifunder, transdisciplinary projects
Carrie Seltzer, Belmont Forum
The Belmont Forum brings together 25 research funders from around the world to support transdisciplinary research to deliver the knowledge needed to address environmental challenges. All projects supported through the Belmont Forum have PIs and stakeholders from at least 3 countries and 3 different funders. The Belmont Forum e-Infrastructure and Data Management initiative is in the initial stages of determining how to implement the legal interoperability recommendations for data sharing in this context. The presentation will address the considerations, including an array of funder policies, sensitivity to indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights, and adequate training to prepare the investigators to comply.
Reusable data for biomedicine: how open is open? a data licensing odyssey
Melissa Haendel, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland OR, USA
Biomedical data integrators grapple with a fundamental blocker in research today: licensing for data use and redistribution. Complex licensing and data reuse restrictions hinder most publicly-funded, seemingly “open” biomedical data from being put to its full potential. Such issues include missing licenses, non-standard licenses, and restrictive provisions. The sheer diversity of licenses are particularly thorny for those that aim to redistribute data. Redistributors are often required to contact each sub-source to obtain permissions, and this is complicated by the fact that on each side of the agreement there may be multiple legal entities involved and some sub-sources may themselves already be aggregating data from other sub-sources. Furthermore, interpreting legal compliance with source data licensing and use agreements is complicated, as data is often manipulated, shared, and redistributed by many types of research groups and users in various and subtle ways. Here, we debut a new effort, the (Re)usable Data Project, where we have created a five-part rubric to evaluate biomedical data sources and their licensing information to determine the degree to which unnegotiated and unrestricted reuse and redistribution are provided. We have tested the (Re)usable Data rubric against various biomedical data sources, ranking each source on a scale of zero to five stars, and have found that approximately half of the resources rank poorly, getting 2.5 stars or less. Our goal is to help biomedical informaticians and other users navigate the plethora of issues in reusing and redistributing biomedical data. The (Re)usable Data project aims to promote standardization and ease of reuse licensing practices by data providers
A Licensing Model and Ecosystem for Data Sharing: Perspectives from the Northeast Big Data Innovation Hub (USA)
Jane Greenberg, Metadata Research Center, Drexel University, Philadelphia, USA
A cross-disciplinary team from MIT, Brown, and Drexel are working under the NSF Big Data regional innovation hub program to develop a licensing model and prototype data sharing platform that facilitate sharing data that is not necessarily open or free between organizations. Dr. Greenberg will present the objectives of the project, timeline for completion, and progress to date.
Breakout-Groups in follow-up session (15:30-17:00)
Conversations started in this meeting can be extended to an adjacent session (15:30-17:00).
This second session is not advertised in the program as it was initially planned as a closed session.
Attendees of the first session will have the chance to exchange with the presenter. For that we will organize breakout groups. This will be a great opportunity to talk challenges in adopting the IG's Principles on Legal Interoperability. In many cases a plain adoption of the Principles on Legal Interoperability will not be possible. The members of the interest group are keen to learn about the challenges in order to address these issues in a later version of the Principles.
Rapporteurs including the following will document the conversation of the follow-up session:
- Bernard Minster
- Robert Downs
- Steve Diggs
We specifically invite data infrastructure managers, research funders, data policy makers, and research community representatives to participate in discussions about how to promote awareness and endorsement of the Principles and Guidelines and how best to motivate and engage the relevant communities in implementation activities and to learn about typical needs for which customized forms of openness are desired. Participants should review the IG document, Legal Interoperability of Research Data: Principles and Implementation Guidelines, prior to the session.
Group chair serving as contact person: Christoph Bruch
Type of meeting: Working meeting
Session Room: International 2
Session Time: Wednesday 20 September, Breakout 5, 13:30 - 15:00
Collaborative session notes:
Session slides and materials: