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Fw: The United Nations outreach programme on the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery 2023 Theme: “Fighting slavery’s legacy of racism through transformative education”

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  • #97355

    Suchith Anand
    Participant

    Dear colleagues
    I am trying to learn more about the Indian indenture system during British Colonial rule of India and I thank all who shared more information and research publications on this topic.
    So is the Indian indenture system during British Colonial rule of India a new type of slavery?
    Some information links that I came across might be of wider interest.
    “Coolies – How Britain re-invented slavery”; exposing the British practice of Indentured Labour
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6uQz080QcGY
    Indian Indentured Labor and the History of International Rights RegimesThe American Historical Review, Volume 119, Issue 5, December 2014, Pages 1439–1465, https://doi.org/10.1093/ahr/119.5.1439
    “THE INDIAN INDENTURE SYSTEM WAS PUT into place by the British imperial government at the behest of sugar planters The intention was to provide planters with a regular, assured, and cheap labor force similar to what they had had under slavery, thereby alleviating their need to rely upon, or pay market price for, the labor of their former slaves. During its more than eighty years of operation, the system was responsible for transporting some 1.2 million laborers from India to new and old colonies around the world—including Mauritius, Réunion, Natal, East Africa, British Guiana, Trinidad, Suriname, Jamaica, and Fiji—primarily to labor on sugar plantations, but eventually also for other agricultural and industrial enterprises. Wherever the system was instituted, it became integral to a racial segmentation of the labor force and to racialized models of labor organization. Because of its direct connection to slavery abolition, from the moment of its inception the system generated significant anguish and outcry from British anti-slavery forces. By the early twentieth century, it became a major target of elite Indian nationalist criticism as well. As a result, it was finally abolished in 1917 in the context of the economic and political exigencies of the First World War.”
    Wikipedia article on this says “TheIndian indenture system was a system ofindentured servitude, by which more than 1.6 million workers fromIndia were transported to labour in European colonies, as a substitute forslave labor, following theabolition of the trade in the early 19th century. “
    Details athttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_indenture_system 
    How Britain Used India To Replace Slave Labor
    https://youtu.be/MgWU_EUcWlc?si=Oxq7NDkawJFBLsrf
     
    The Guardian article on “Never forget that the British political and media elite endorsed slavery. It took radical campaigners to end it” by Michael Taylor
    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/jan/30/britain-abolition-
    Has the UK Government formally apologised for the human rights violations that millions of Indian women, men and children faced during British Colonial rule of India ? If not, why?
    There is a need to recognise slavery and colonialism as a crime against humanity.
    Why is India and so many countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean  who suffered from British colonialism still part of the Commonwealth? Is it time for all former British colonies to leave the Commonwealth and dissociate from any links to colonialism?
    “Be the change that you wish to see in the world.” – Mahatma Gandhi
    Best wishes
    Suchith
    From: Suchith Anand
    Sent: 05 September 2023 22:42
    Subject: Re: The United Nations outreach programme on the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery 2023 Theme: “Fighting slavery’s legacy of racism through transformative education”
     
    These articles might be of interest
    https://museumofbritishcolonialism.org/reparations/
    The Museum of British Colonialism. Details athttps://museumofbritishcolonialism.org
    https://museumofbritishcolonialism.org/decolonisation/
    British took away $45 trillion out of India says External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar
    https://youtu.be/5gPCcMTdnQo?si=rTtiyWka6MtcuAO3
    Millions of women, men and children were killed during the two hundred year British Colonial Rule in India.
    How British Colonizers caused the Bengal Famine
    Details at https://newint.org/features/2021/12/07/feature-how-british-colonizers-ca…
    https://www.epw.in/journal/2018/42/special-articles/profit-inflation-key
    So why is India and so many countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean who suffered from British colonialism still part of the Commonwealth? Is it time for all former British colonies to leave the Commonwealth and dissociate from any links to colonialism?
    There is a need to recognise slavery and colonialism as a crime against humanity.
    I humbly request the UK Government to make a formal apology for Britain’s role in the Transatlantic Slave Trade and to take action to address its legacies, which continue to affect communities in Africa, the Americas and Caribbean.
    “Be the change that you wish to see in the world.” -Mahatma Gandhi
    Best wishes
    Suchith
    From: Suchith Anand 
    Sent: 01 September 2023 09:44
    Subject: The United Nations outreach programme on the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery 2023 Theme: “Fighting slavery’s legacy of racism through transformative education”
     
    These articles might be of interest
    The United Nations outreach programme on the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery has 2023 Theme: “Fighting slavery’s legacy of racism through transformative education” . 
    “The enslavement of over 13 million Africans during the Transatlantic Slave Trade was driven by the racist ideology that these women, men and children were inferior because of the colour of their skin. Countless families were torn apart. Scores of human beings lost their lives. Despite experiencing serious human rights violations, and intergenerational trauma over centuries, enslaved people persevered in their resilience, demonstrating courage and defiance against the conditions of enslavement, forced labour, and systemic violence and oppression.
    The racist legacy of the Transatlantic Slave Trade reverberates today in harmful prejudices and beliefs which are still being perpetuated and continue to impact people of African descent across the world. Transformative education, which seeks to empower learners to see the social world critically and through an ethical lens to challenge and change the status quo as agents of change is essential to the work of teaching and learning about slavery in order to end racism and injustice and to build inclusive societies based on dignity and human rights for all people, everywhere.”
    Learn more at https://www.un.org/en/rememberslavery/observance/2023
    UK’s £18tn slavery debt is an underestimation, UN judge says
    A UN judge says the UK is likely to owe more than £18tn in reparations for its historic role in transatlantic slavery.A report co-authored by the judge, Patrick Robinson, says the UK should pay $24tn (£18.8tn) for its slavery involvement in 14 countries. But Mr Robinson said the sum was an “underestimation” of the damage caused by the slave trade.
    Mr Robinson spoke to the BBC ahead of his keynote speech at an event to mark UNESCO’s Day for Remembering the Transatlantic Slave Trade and Abolition at London’s City Hall on Wednesday. He’s been a member of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) since 2015 and has been researching reparations as part of his honorary presidency of the American Society of International Law.
    He brought together a group of economists, lawyers and historians to produce the Brattle Group Reporton Reparations for Transatlantic Chattel Slavery.
    More details at 
    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-66596790
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/aug/22/uk-cannot-ignore-calls-for
    Download the full report on “Quantification of Reparations for Transatlantic Chattel Slavery” athttps://www.brattle.com/insights-events/publications/brattle-consultants…
    It is disappointing to see that even today Africa does not a have permanent seat in key international organisations like United Nations Security Council, G20 etc. There is a need for reform of the United Nations Security Council as there is under representation of Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean.
    Reuters article on India seeks African Union’s full membership in G20
    https://www.reuters.com/world/indias-modi-seeks-african-unions-full-memb… 
    Details of G20 athttps://www.g20.org/
    Best wishes
    Suchith

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