PRESS RELEASE - September 13, 2019
Oñati Indigenous Data Sovereignty Communique, formation of GIDA, the Global Indigenous Data Alliance, and the launch of the CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance
Twelve years ago, in 2007, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), setting the minimum standards globally on the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
Today we launch three international efforts to advance Indigenous Peoples’ rights and interest in their data.
Indigenous data sovereignty (ID-SOV) is a global movement concerned with the rights of Indigenous Peoples to govern the creation, collection, ownership and application of their data. ID-SOV derives from the inherent right of Indigenous Peoples to govern our peoples, country (including lands, waters and sky), and resources as outlined in UNDRIP.
Oñati Indigenous Data Sovereignty Communique
The Workshop International Law, The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples’ and Indigenous Data Sovereignty (the Workshop) at the International Institute for the Sociology of Law, Oňati, Spain in July 2019 brought together participants from multiple Indigenous nations and tribes in seven nation states, as well as three ID-SOV networks. The workshop communiqué issues the conclusions from discussions by international ID-SOV scholars and practitioners to collaboratively advance the legal principles underlying collective and individual data rights in the context of UNDRIP.
Establishment of GIDA, the Global Indigenous Data Alliance
GIDA, an international network, promotes Indigenous control of Indigenous data by advancing Indigenous data sovereignty and governance; asserting Indigenous Peoples rights and interests in data; advocating for data for the self-determined wellbeing of Indigenous Peoples; and reinforcing the rights to engage in decision-making in accordance with Indigenous values and collective interests.
CARE Principles of Indigenous Data Governance
The CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance (Collective benefit, Authority to control, Responsibility, Ethics) are people and purpose-oriented, reflecting the crucial role of data in advancing Indigenous innovation and self-determination. These principles complement the existing FAIR principles (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable) encouraging open and other data movements to consider both people and purpose in their advocacy and pursuits.
University of Arizona